|Height. The height of a Koi from the
top of the back to the bottom of the belly. Measurement
of the widest part. It is said that Koi that have a big
Taiko have the potential to grow very large. Of course,
it is important to consider all of the factors.
||The era when Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke)
|Taisho Sanshoku [Sanke]
(tie' show san' syow coo)
|Proper name for Sanke or Taisho Sanke.
Sanshoku means three colors. While breeding Kohaku, Koi
with black pigments suddenly appeared. While the primary
evaluation is still based on the Kohaku pattern, the
variety was improved to have the added highlight of large,
lacquer-black Sumi patches that these Koi are known for
|Koi whose only Hi is the round spot on
the head, resembles the red circle in the middle of the
(tah rah goy)
|"IF" Koi. Tara means "IF." Koi
that can become great IF one or several conditions are
met. For example, "If Sumi appears in this particular
place in the Shiroji, this Koi would be an excellent
Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke)." It is similar in meaning
to Tategoi, but used to describe Koi that must change
in order to become better. A Taragoi is not necessarily
a Tategoi, but a Tategoi is a Taragoi.
(tah sue key gahk eh)
|Literally a cord that runs diagonally
across the back to hold up the sleeves of a kimono. Describes
a pattern that crosses the back diagonally. It is not
called Tasukigake when the pattern crosses the back in
a straight line (but it may then be Obi Zumi). If the
Tasukigake is thin, then it may also be Himo Zumi.
(tat' eh goy)
|Koi that will improve. A Nishikigoi that
is unfinished but has a promising future. Nishikigoi
that have good potential to become excellent after several
years of good Koi care.
(tat' eh hee)
|Long Hi. Hi plate that goes from the
mouth towards the tail. Because there is no Maki, it
lacks in power. A Hi plate that crosses over the backbone
and has Maki is called Kuragake. Also refered to as "Vertical
(tat' eh zoo' mee)
|Long Sumi. A long Sumi shape that is
generally parallel to the dorsal fin of the Koi. Sumi
tends to appear in a Kuragake shape, and very few Taisho
Sanshoku (Sanke) and Showa have Tate Zumi. Large Tate
Zumi make a strong impact, unlike Tate Hi which appears
as a weak pattern. Thin Tate Zumi may be Himo Zumi.
|Teaka(the ah kah)
||Pectoral fins with Hi. Except a few varieties
like Asagi, Shusui, and Aka Hajiro, the pectoral fin
should be white. When the Hi spreads to the ends of the
pectoral fins, it is considered a defect. Small Hi at
the base of the pectoral fins is a feature called Motoaka.
|Tejima(te h jee ma)
||Striped Sumi. Most often used to describe
the pectoral fins of Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke). Also called
Houki (broom) Zumi. It also used to be called Rentaiki
(means flag of regiment) because it looked like the flag
of the old navy of Japan. It is said that a few Tejima
in Sanke makes the body pattern more stable.
|Teri(te h ree)
||Skin shine. Koi produce a secretion called
the slime coat on the surface of the body to protect
the skin. Healthy Koi produce a lot of this secretion
and it creates a shine over the body. Unhealthy Koi produces
less secretion and thus the skin does not have sheen.
This sheen is called Teri.
(te h zoo' mee)
|Sumi in the pectoral fins. While Sumi
can cover any part of the fins, it is considered ideal
that Tezumi appear as Motoguro in Kumonryu, Shiro Utsuri,
and Showa. Some varieties would ideally have Motoaka,
and the rest (except those of solid color) would ideally
have white pectoral fins without Tezumi.
|Tobihi(toe' bee he)
||An unnecessary red scale, a fault, not
part of the pattern.
|Tobi Hi(toe' bee he)
||Hi Alone. Hi that is not part of a Hi
plate. Because it is usually about one scale in size
and does not form a Hi plate, it is considered unnecessary
Hi. But there are cases where one Tobi Hi could accentuate
the pattern. A description used with scaled Koi while
Mudagoke refers to a Doitsu Koi.
|Toh Hi(toe' he)
||Red on the head.
(toe' meh sue' mee)
|Stop Sumi. Tome means "stop." A
Sumi patch that ends in the tail section, or Sumi creating
the Odome of Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke) or Showa. Tome Sumi
is very important, and much more valuable than Hi in
||Baby Koi. Koi that are less than 1 year
||A critical area.
(t-sue bow' zoo' me)
|Critical Sumi. Sumi that appears in a
critical area that balances the pattern. May or may not
appear in the Shiroji.
(t-sue key t-sue keh)
|Hi Pattern that runs over the head and
touches the nose. Has lass Hi than a Menkaburi (or Zukinkaburi)
pattern where the Hi covers the head.