|Head. Described in many terms such as
Ban (meaning plate), Kao (face), and Men (face). The
head is often considered the most striking and important
part of Nishikigoi. The pattern on the head, and the
clarity of tis Shiroji are especially important.
(ha' chee wa reh)
|Divided Head. Hachi means "head," Ware
means "dividing." Sumi pattern that divides
the head, seen on Shiro Utsuri; Showa, Kin Showa and
other Utsuri. Also called Menware. Men means "face," but
in Koi, both "head" and "face" refer
to the same thing, and are thus used interchangeably.
Sumi of the head that appears on the Utsurimono family,
such as Showa. Good Hachiware runs from the mouth to
the shoulder in an Inazuma pattern, and makes the Koi's
pattern appear to be more dynamic.
(ha geh' she row)
|Hajiro with white head.
(ha jee' row)
|Black scaled Koi with white or white
tipped pectoral fins and a white belly. A Hageshiro is
a Hajiro with a white head. Doitsu Yotsushiro is a scaleless
black Koi with 4 white parts: the nose, tail and both
pectoral fins. Yotsu means 4, Shiro means white - thus
a black Koi with 4 white parts, which is the basis for
(ha' kah mah hah kee)
|Koi wearing pants. Nishikigoi with a
second half that has little Shiroji and is heavily covered
in pattern. A Koi that appears heavy-looking , as if
it were wearing pants. The opposite would be a Koi with
little or no pattern on the second half, which is called
(ha' nah gah rah moy' oh)
|Flower pattern. Hi pattern that looks
like blooming flowers.
(ha' rab oh the)
|Fat Bodied. Body conformation is very
important in judging Koi. The body conformation that
allows the Koi to swim through the water without creating
any pressure is considered ideal. A Koi that is too fat
and has a big tummy is called Harabote and is not desirable.
(ha' ree wah keh)
|Hikarimono Muji that have a metallic
white ground with yellow to red patterns. As the variety
was developed, the pattern came in all shades between
yellow and red, but Koi with good red patterns became
a separate variety called Kikusui which is basically
a metallic Kohaku. Originally, the word refered to the
contrast of gold and platinum.
(ha' sam ee zoo' mee)
|Sumi Between. Sumi between the Hi plates.
Term used to describe Sumi on Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke).
Hasami Sumi is located in narrow Shiroji areas rather
than appearing in the Hi plates.
(ha' she ree zoo' mee)
|Running Sumi. Hashiri means "run." Sumi
that is scattered in stripes (rather than Motoguro) on
the pectoral fins of Showa. The term is also used to
describe the striped Sumi on the pectoral fins of Taisho
Sanshoku (Sanke). This term is used only for the pectoral
and tail fins, but not for Sumi on the body.
(hay' say knee' she key)
|See Doitsu Yamato Nishiki.
||Red; while Hi, Aka and Beni all mean "red",
there are subtle distinctions of usage, terms are really
understood by their common use in Koi culture.
||Solid red Koi that is lighter in red
than Benigoi, also referred to as Aka Muji.
|Hikari(hee' ca ree)
||metallic, there are 3 classes of Hikarimono:
Hikari Muji (including Platinum and Yamabuki), Hikarimoyo
(including Kujyaku), and Hikari Utsuri (including Kin
Showa, Gin Shiro Utsuri, and Kin Ki Utsuri).
(he' kah ree mow know)
|Metallic class. Nishikigoi with shiny,
metallic bodies that were developed from the original
(hee' koh bow ray)
|Stray Hi spots. A small Hi that is separated
from the other Hi plates. Also called Tobi Hi. It is
not desirable and is usually an unnecessary Hi, but it
could be a good accent in a Kohaku that has too much
|Hi-moyo(hee moy' oh)
||Red pattern, as in Kohaku.
(hee' mow zoo' mee)
|String Sumi. A shape of Sumi that is
long and thin like a string (Himo), but is not necessarily
straight. Usually used to describe Sumi on Showa and
Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke). Sumi tends to become thick,
but when it appears in a thin and artistic pattern, it
makes the Koi very attractive. Depending on the direction
the pattern runs, it may also be Tate Zumi (parallel
to the dorsal fin), Obi Zumi (crossing the dorsal fin
and looking like an Obi) or Tasukigake (diagonal).
|Hi Mura(hee moo' rah)
||Inconsistency in Hi color. Hi needs to
be consistent everywhere on the body. Hi can become more
uniform as the Koi grows and carotene accumulates. Kokesuki
refers to scales that fade or lose color and result in
(hee show' wah)
|Red Showa. Showa with many Hi plates
and very little Shiroji. It is not a variety name, but
rather a description of the amount of Hi verses Shiroji.
Since Kindai Showa Sanshoku that have a lot of Shiroji
came to be more available, the traditional or older type
of Showa came to be called Hi Showa.
(hee' toh mow mee zoo' mee)
|Hito pattern. "V"or "Y" shaped
Hachiware Zumi pattern.The shape looks like the Japanese
character el(Hito). This is why it is called a Hitomoji
(Moji means character) pattern.
(hohn' may bar rah)
|The favorite parent out of many parental
(ho' kee zoo' mee)
|Broom Sumi. Houki means "broom." Sumi
that looks like it was swept with a broom. Striped Sumi
pattern seen on the pectoral fins or tail fin of Taisho
Sanshoku (Sanke). Also called Hashiri Zumi ("running" Sumi)
or Tejima ("hand striped"). A few light stripes
are desirable. Extremely strong stripes are not as favored.